{{ (moduleVm.actions && moduleVm.changeStatus) ? moduleVm.status : '' }} A Scoping Review of Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal and the Infant Gut Microbiome: Does Human Milk Optimize Infant Outcomes?

Activity Steps


This article has been approved by the National Association for Neonatal Nurses Certification Board for Category B Credit toward Recertification as an NNP.

Learning Objectives

After completing this continuing education activity you will be able to:

  1. Choose the evidence that informs guidelines for the management of infants who have NOWS.
  2. Identify the physiology of early gut biome development and how it can affect gut dysbiosis.
  3. Recognize the conclusion the authors drew as a result of their scoping review of the influence of human milk on infant gut microbiota in infants with NOWS.

Learning Outcomes

Seventy-five percent of participants will demonstrate knowledge of a review describing the current state of the literature regarding the influence of human milk on infant gut microbiota in infants with neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) by achieving a minimum score of 70% on the outcomes-based posttest.
Price: $21.95


  • ANCC 2.0 CH
  • DC - BON 2.0 CH
  • FL - BON 2.0 CH
  • GA - BON 2.0 CH
  • NM - BON 2.0 CH
  • SC - BON 2.0 CH
  • WV - BOERN 2.0 CH

Lippincott Professional Development is accredited with distinction as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation. This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749. Lippincott Professional Development is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the District of Columbia Board of Nursing, Florida Board of Nursing, Georgia Board of Nursing, New Mexico Board of Nursing, South Carolina Board of Nursing, and West Virginia Board of Examiners for Registered Professional Nurses, #50-1223.

Test Code: ANC0623
Published: June 2023
Expires: 3/6/2026
Required Passing Score: 7/10 (70%)
Authors: Kelly McGlothen-Bell, PhD, RN, IBCLC; Maureen, Groer PhD, RN, FAAN; Elizabeth A. Brownell, PhD, MA; Katherine E. Gregory, PhD, RN, FAAN; Allison D. Crawford, PhD, RN; Jimi Francis, PhD, RDN, IBCLC; Emme Lopez, MLS; Jacqueline M. McGrath, PhD, RN, FNAP, FAAN