{{ (moduleVm.actions && moduleVm.changeStatus) ? moduleVm.status : '' }} Reexamining the Literature on Terminal Ulcers, SCALE, Skin Failure, and Unavoidable Pressure Injuries

Activity Steps

Purpose of Activity

To synthesize the literature regarding skin injuries that are found in patients at the end of life and to clarify the terms used to describe these conditions.

Learning Objectives

After completing this continuing education activity you will be able to:

  1. Define the terms used to describe pressure injuries and skin changes at the end of life.
  2. Discuss the concept of skin failure as applied to end-of-life skin injuries and implications for practice.
Price: $17.95


  • ANCC 1.5 CH
  • DC - BON 1.5 CH
  • FL - BON 1.5 CH
  • GA - BON 1.5 CH

Lippincott Professional Development is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation. This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749. Lippincott Professional Development is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the District of Columbia Board of Nursing, Florida Board of Nursing, and Georgia Board of Nursing, #50-1223.

Test Code: ASWC0319
Published: Mar 2019
Expires: 3/3/2023
Required Passing Score: 14/18 (77%)
Authors: Elizabeth A. Ayello, PhD, RN, CWON, ETN, MAPWCA, FAAN; Jeffrey M. Levine, MD, AGSF, CMD; Diane Langemo, PhD, RN, FAAN; Karen Lou Kennedy-Evans, RN, FNP, APRN-BC; Mary R. Brennan, MBA, RN, CWON; R. Gary Sibbald, MD, DSc (Hons), MEd, FRCPC (Med Derm), ABIM, FAAD, MAPWCA